The following posts have been tagged with "soccer laws of the game"...

Soccer Rules


The basic soccer rules are described in these Definitions. See “Advantage Clause“, “Cards”, “Fouls”, “Hand Ball”, “Offside Rule”, “Shoulder Charge”, “Assistant Referee”, “FIFA”, “Corner Kick”, “Free Kick”, “Goal Kick”, “Kick Off”, “Lines“, “Penalty Kick”, “Substitutions” & “Throw-Ins”. Also, see “Rules” and “Safety Rules”, Basic Information & Tips for Beginning Coaches. Soccer rules are revised annually by FIFA. You can visit www.fifa.com. for the latest official soccer rules, which are called the “Laws of The Game”.


Soccer Players


The soccer rules, which are called the “Laws of the Game,” call for 11 soccer players per side, although a soccer team can play with as few as 7. However, most youth soccer leagues play with fewer than 11 until age 12 or 14. Contact your soccer association to discuss their rules or go to “Laws of the Game” at www.fifa.com. (See “Formations“, “Positions” and “Small Sided“).


Soccer Penalty Box


(aka Penalty Area, “Box” or “Eighteen”). The large box in front of the soccer goal in which the goalkeeper can touch the soccer ball with hands. The half circle at the top of this box is the Penalty Box Arc. Size will vary by age group & your soccer club rules. On adult sized soccer fields, the Penalty Box extends 18 yards from the Goal Line into the soccer field. For dimensions go to “Laws of the Game” at www.fifa.com. (See “Field Diagram“, “Eighteen“, “Box” & “Penalty Box Arc“).


Soccer Number of Players


The rules, which are called the “Laws of the Game,” call for 11 soccer players per side, although a soccer team can play with as few as 7. However, most youth soccer leagues play with fewer than 11 until age 12 or 14. Contact your soccer association to discuss their rules or go to “Laws of the Game” at www.fifa.com. (See “Formations“, “Positions” and “Small Sided“).


Soccer Laws Of The Game


The official soccer rules are called the “Laws of the Game” and are published annually by FIFA. (Go to “Laws of the Game” at www.fifa.com for more information and a complete list of the latest rules. Rules may be modified for women, players with disabilities and for players under 16 and over 35 years of age. See “Rules” herein and “Field Size“).


Soccer Goal Box


(aka “Goal Area” or “Six”). The small box in front of the goal within which the ball must be placed to take a goal kick. (The ball can also be placed on the line). Size will vary by age group & your soccer club’s rules. On adult sized fields the Goal Box extends six yards from the Goal and Goal Line into the field and for this reason it is sometimes referred to as the “Six”. For dimensions go to “Laws of the Game” at www.fifa.com. (See “Field Diagram“).


Soccer Fouls


There are 2 kinds of soccer fouls, Direct Kick Fouls & Indirect Kick Fouls. (Rules are called “Laws Of The Game” and are changed each year. Go to www.fifa.com. for current rules. See “Cards” for more fouls & penalties):

(1)   
Direct Kick Fouls – For which the other team receives a “direct free kick” (meaning a goal can be scored by kicking the ball straight into the goal) or a “penalty kick” (”PK”) if the foul occurs within the Penalty Box (Note: It doesn’t matter whether the ball was in the Penalty Box or not; what matters is where the foul was committed). There are 10 direct kick fouls. The rules say that the referee should call a foul for numbers 1 thru 6 if he believes they are committed in a manner he considers “careless, reckless or using excessive force”:
  1. kicking or attempting to kick an opponent. Accidentally kicking an opponent while tackling the ball is not a foul unless it was careless, reckless, or there was excessive force. If a player slide tackles from the front, it will be considered at least “dangerous play” (which is an indirect kick foul), or kicking, or tripping, or “unsporting behavior”, even if the ball is contacted, since it would at the least be reckless or dangerous. (See “Cards, Red Card, Serious Foul Play”)
  • tripping or attempting to trip an opponent (if careless, reckless or using excessive force),
  • charging into an opponent (the goalkeeper can also be called for this if his action is careless, reckless or uses excessive force),
  • striking or attempting to strike an opponent (if careless, reckless or using excessive force),
  • pushing an opponent, including the goalkeeper (if careless, reckless or using excessive force),
  • jumping at an opponent in a careless or reckless manner or using excessive force (this includes jumping for a header if an opponent is carelessly or recklessly bumped, and jumping at the goalkeeper),
  • blatant holding or pulling (including holding clothing, using any part of the body to hold an opponent & “Sandwiching”),
  • making contact with an opponent before touching the ball when tackling an opponent to gain possession of the ball (Note: it is always a foul if the tackler contacts the ballhandler before touching the ball. However, it can still be a direct kick foul if the ball is touched first but the tackler was “careless, reckless, or used excessive force” and was judged to have kicked, tripped, charged or jumped at the ballhandler. Or, if the Referee believes the tackler played in a “dangerous manner”, an indirect kick can be awarded),
  • spitting at an opponent, even if it doesn’t hit the opponent (this is grounds for a Red Card),
  • deliberately handling the ball (a “hand ball” should not be called if a player is instinctively trying to protect himself from injury or if the ball hits the hand while it is in a natural position near the players side and has not been moved toward the ball. See “Hand Ball” for more details; this does not apply to the goalkeeper inside his own penalty area.),

  • Soccer FIFA


    (Pronounced “FEE-fuh”). The world soccer governing body. They publish the official soccer rules, which are called the “Laws of the Game” and are revised annually. Go to www.fifa.com for more information and a complete list of the latest soccer rules which are called “Laws of the Game”).


    Soccer Field Size


    FIFA’s “Laws of the Game” are published annually and are the official soccer rules. For current rules and field sizes, go to “Laws of the Game” at www.fifa.com or check with your soccer association. The official soccer field size can range from 50 to 100 yards wide by 100 to 130 yards long. However, the rules allow field sizes to be reduced for women, players with disabilities and for players under 16 and over 35 years of age. Field sizes used by youth soccer leagues vary greatly.

    Recreational Players Will Have More Fun & Learn More on a Smaller Field. One of the worst mistakes a recreational league can make is to have teams playing on oversized fields. The reason is simple: on a smaller field the players will have more touches & more fun. The field size should be proportionate to the player size, and recreational teams should play on smaller fields than select teams. If a field is too large, recreational players will spend most of their time running & will be worn out by half-time. When players are tired & playing on an overly large field, it is easy for the game to degenerate to “Boom-ball”. It is also more difficult to teach tactics & team play, such as support, on an overly large field. Smaller fields are much better suited to players who are average athletes, are slower, or lacking stamina, as are 50% to 75% of all recreational players. How large should the field be’ If an adult over-30 novice recreational team plays on a 60-yard x 100-yard field (most play on this size or smaller because it is more fun), then youth recreational teams should play on proportionately sized fields. The size of youth fields should be based on the size of the step and the length of the kick of each age group relative to adults. For example, if a 12-year old’s step is about 80% that of an adult, then the field size should be 80% of the adult size, or about 50-yards x 80-yards. Dimensions for recreational teams might be as below: